Photonic-assisted microwave frequency measurement towards cognitive radio
Cognitive radio frequency (RF) systems can be seen through an OODA (observe, orient, decide and act) loop, and electronic warfare (EW) can be used in some of these stages, namely the observe and the act. Instantaneous microwave frequency measurement (IFM) systems can contribute to cognitive RF technology taking the real world to the data world. In an OODA loop, IFM can be arranged as in the observe stage. Here we have proposed an IFM device that allows the adjustment of the directional couplers coupling coefficients, optical fiber lengths, modulation index and modulation formats, which makes the system tunable. The analytical model result shows good agreement with the simulation, achieving frequency differences of 130 MHz and 210 MHz for the lowest and the highest amplitude comparison function values, respectively.